Caravan tow weights explained
Your compliance plate will have a number of acronyms that are important to understand
For your tow vehicle
GVM - Gross vehicle mass-
This is the maximum your car is allowed to weigh ( This will be on your car compliance plate)
GCM- Gross combined mass -
This is the total your car and its caravan is allowed to weigh
How much can you carry in your car?
To calculate this you need to check your compliance plate and get the following information
- Tare Mass or tare weight ( this is the weight empty , no fuel no luggage, no extras like bull bar tow bar roof rack winch and no people.)
- Gross Vehicle Mass GVM or GVW (This is the maximum your vehicle can weigh when fully loaded including the down force from the caravan )
- Payload ( How much can it carry) just deduct Tare mass from GVM and you will arrive at payload noting that this will reduce with every accessory passengers and luggage added.
- Allowable down force on the tow bar ( specified by the tow bar manufacturer and your car manufacturer, whichever is the lowest)
- Towing capacity will be listed in your cars manual if not check on line or with a dealer, noting that this a maximum towing ability provided that all the other factors are taken into consideration, just because the manufacturer says your tug can tow 3600kg doesn't mean that it can legally, your Gross Combined Vehicle Mass GCM must not exceed specifications.
For your caravan or camper trailer
This is the weight that the van places on the car at the tow ball ( usually around 7% to 10% of the van weight)
Your Caravan / Camper trailer will specify ball weight of an unloaded van,
Your tow bar manufacturer will specify the maximum ball weight that the bar can carry.
Your Vehicle manufacturer will specify the maximum ball weight that the car can carry.
ATM- Aggreate Trailer Mass ,
This the total weight of the caravan including everything that is in it, including water food, clothing & waste when not coupled to the car
GTM Gross Trailer Mass
This the weight of the fully loaded trailer imposed on the trailer’s axle when it is coupled to the tow vehicle.
GTM will always be less than ATM as some of the trailer weight is transferred to the tow vehicle when the trailer is coupled to it.
Confused over the terminology? ATM? GTM? Learn More about the Acronyms used when weighing your caravan or rig.
Tow bars, from 1992 all bars will have a plate attached that lists the maximum towing weight, the maximum ball load, and the make and model of vehicle the bar was designed for.
if this weight is higher than the cars specified then the car tow-able weight is used, if the bar weight is lower than the car tow able weight then the bar weight is used, so it is important to have a tow bar that is properly designed to match or exceed your cars towing capacity.
GVM is the weight of a laden vehicle as measured under the wheels
Measured by having the vehicle weighed , best done with the normal full load including passengers fuel camping gear etc in the car.
TBM is the weight imposed on the tow vehicle by the coupling of a laden caravan or camper,
Measured by placing a scale under the tow ball
The mass transmitted to the ground by the axle or axles of the caravan when coupled to the vehicle
Measured by weighing the caravan while coupled to the car
The mass of the laden caravan including the tow ball mass
Measured by weighing the caravan including the tow ball mass when not coupled to the car, this can be calculated by adding the ball weight to the GTM
The combined weight of both the tow vehicle and the caravan
Measured by weighing the car and caravan together or separately and added together
The Load applied to each axle group
Car Front Axle, Car Rear Axle ,Caravan Axles
Caravans usually have the AGL ( Axle Group Loading) in their compliance plate
For the car it is usually shown in the owners manual in the towing section.